Lanner Falcon - Falco biarmicus


The Lanner Falcon lives in pairs, but hunts in groups. The female plays the role of beater and flushes out the prey while the male stands back and gets ready to catch it. This technique, which is fairly uncommon in birds of prey, enables the Lanner falcon to ensure it has sufficient food to survive. It is a sedentary bird. In Africa, it nests in semideserts. In southern Europe, it frequents rocky landscapes with sheer cliffs.

First chick hatched at Le Rocher des Aigles : 25 July, 1992


CLASS : Aves
ORDER : Falconiformes
FAMILY : Falconidae
WINGSPAN : 1.1 m
WEIGHT : Male 500-600 g / Female 700-900 g
CLUTCH SIZE : 3-4 eggs
INCUBATION : 32 days
DIET : mainly small birds, but small mammals as well and reptiles and insects
NATURAL HABITAT : variable – the Lanner Falcon lives in the desert and wooded mountains, and it nests on cliffs and in trees.
RANGE : Middle East, Africa and Mediterranean Europe

Conservation status

Conservation status info

Rocher des Aigles

LC : Least Concern

In the mid-twentieth century, the species experienced a sharp decline in Europe and in Israel (poisoning, shooting and trapping for falconry). Persecution, the collection of eggs and chicks for falconry and illegal shooting probably still pose a threat. Although the species is classified as LC at a global level, in Europe it is classified as EN – Endangered.