Spotted Eagle Owl - Bubo africanus


The African Great Horned Owl is one of the smallest in the Great Horned Owl family. There are two colors: the grey and the brown. In grey coloration it has a grey-brown mantle spotted with white and yellow eyes, the facial disc is whitish, finely barred with grey and bordered with black. In brown coloration it has browner plumage on the upper parts and orange eyes, it is found more in arid areas.

The African Great Horned Owl flies silently with deep and vigorous wing beats. It is a nocturnal hunter. During the day it lives hidden in trees or on rocky ledges.

The African Great Horned Owl couple remains united for life. The site where he builds his nest can be reused from year to year. The young have their full plumage around 7 weeks.


CLASS : Birds
ORDER : Strigiformes
FAMILY : Strigidae
WINGSPAN : 100 to 140 cm
WEIGHT : 640 to 850 g - Male: 487 to 620 g
CLUTCH SIZE : 2-4 eggs
LIFE EXPECTANCY : about 12 years in the wild and 25 years in captivity
DIET : it feeds on invertebrates, small mammals, birds and reptiles
NATURAL HABITAT : it lives in open wooded areas, rocky hills and ravines, savannahs, semi-deserts and grassy areas
RANGE : sub-Saharan Africa, southwestern Arabia

Conservation status

Conservation status info

Rocher des Aigles

LC : Least concern
Its range is wide and its population seems to be stable.
Among the causes of mortality :
  • When hunting on the roadside it is often hitten by vehicles;
  • the use of pesticides in agriculture to control rodent and insect populations.